Does Man Have an Immortal Soul?

The doctrine of the immortality of the human soul is found in the teachings of numerous religions throughout the earth. The questions in this article were designed as a means of directing the mind in a logical manner to the simple truths taught in the Bible.

  1. Was Adam created in heaven, or on earth?
  2. If Adam had not sinned, would he have died?
  3. If Adam had not sinned, where would he have lived?
  4. If he had been granted eternal life (e.g. eating of the tree of life), would he then be immortal?
  5. Is there a difference between “eternal life” and “immortality”?
  6. Can an immortal being die?
  7. What is the meaning of the Greek term for immortality: athanasia?
  8. Was Jesus immortal in his pre-human existence in heaven?
  9. If so, how could he have died?
  10. Also, if he was immortal in his pre-human existence, why is it that he was granted immortality after his resurrection? — Romans 6:9; 1 Corinthians 15:53; 1 Timothy 6:16; 2 Timothy 1:10; Revelation 1:18.
  11. As Jesus, in his pre-human existence was not immortal, why should humans, including unfaithful ones, be granted immortality?
  12. As man cannot get into heaven without dying, does this not indicate that sin and death are a blessing to mankind?
  13. Which did Adam lose, a heavenly or an earthly home?
  14. If Jesus came to earth to restore that which was lost by Adam’s fall, what did he restore, an earthly, or a heavenly life?
  15. Was Adam a single individual, or was he composed of two parts: a soul and a body?
  16. If he was composed of two parts, which was Adam?
  17. Which part was it that sinned, soul or body?
  18. Which part was responsible and could feel the act?
  19. If soul, why did the body suffer?
  20. If body, why is it the soul must be saved?
  21. In Genesis 2:17 “thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die,” which part of Adam did God address, soul, or body?
  22. What does the “thou” refer to in Genesis 3:17 — “cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life”?
  23. What does the “thou” refer to in Genesis 3:19 — “for dust thou art and unto dust shalt thou return”?
  24. How does the above agree with Ecclesiastes 3:19, 20, where man’s eventuality, or final outcome, is compared to that of animals: namely, dust?
  25. How many penalties did Adam have imposed upon him for the sin of eating of the forbidden fruit?
  26. Was there a penalty for the body, and a different one for the soul?
  27. Is the penalty referred to at Genesis 2:17 different from the one referred to at Genesis 3:19?
  28. If only one penalty, what was that penalty?
  29. Does the Bible say it was death, or eternal torment in burning flame? — Romans 6:23.
  30. How do the scriptures at Ezekiel 18:4 and Ecclesiastes 9:5, 10 agree with the above discussion of Romans 6:23?
  31. Suppose that, after Adam had sinned, no saviour came: where would the human race spend eternity?
  32. When Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead, where did Lazarus come from? — John 11:43, 44.
  33. If he was in heaven for those four days, why was the experience not related to others following his resurrection?
  34. Did Jesus really die when he was executed?
  35. If Jesus had a separate immortal soul that did not die, why not say that we were misinformed about the matter of his dying for our sins, that just the “house” he lived in died to save the “house” man lives in, and that the real Jesus did not die, and that the real man was not saved?